Management of highly migratory species, like Pacific striped marlin, is complicated because the species migrates thousands of miles across international boundaries and are fished by many nations. Effective conservation and management of this resource requires international cooperation as well as strong domestic management. NOAA Fisheries and the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council manage the Pacific striped marlin fishery domestically. The California Department of Fish and Wildlife collaborates with NOAA Fisheries and the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC) to manage the Pacific striped marlin fishery on the West Coast, in federal waters (3 to 200 miles offshore) under the Fishery Management Plan for U.S. West Coast Fisheries for Highly Migratory Species.
Two organizations, the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) and the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) manage this fishery internationally. These Commissions rely on the scientific advice of their staff and the analyses of the International Scientific Committee for Tuna and Tuna-like Species in the North Pacific (ISC) to develop and adopt international resolutions for conservation and management measures. Working with the U.S. Department of State, NOAA Fisheries domestically implements conservation and management measures adopted by WCPFC and IATTC.
Recreationally, both the U.S. and Mexico have implemented specific bag limits to help ensure sustainability.